The Telephone

by Ahmed Zain Abdul Ganee
The Telephone
The Telephone

It was a fine and fascinating Friday when I was busy watching a video about the telephone and some of the newest invented telephones when these strange questions popped into my mind about how the telephone was invented? Who invented the telephone? What did the old telephone look like? And many more questions too. This is when I was curious about the telephone and also about the person who invented it.

Like many people who believe that the telephone is an important discovery, I also believe this is a dominant discovery. It is because it brought a lot of people together and made a lot of people friends and families. It helps us store some important information and memories and even explore new things you never imagined you would know. During the 1870s, two inventors built a sound transmitted using electrical cables. The great inventors were Alexander Graham Bell and Elisha Gray.

Many people agree that the phone is an important discovery that has changed many people's lives. The term telephone comes from the Greek word "tele" which means "far away" and "phone" which means "voice". The first functioning phone was created by Johann Philipp Reis. The main problem of the telegram was the need for Morse code.

Here is a timeline of the telephone.

1874 - The principle of the telephone was not covered.

1876 - Alexander Graham Bell invents the telephone, beating Elisha Gray in a matter of time.

1878 - The workable exchange was developed, which enabled calls to be switched between supporters rather than having direct lines.

1879 - Supporters began to be designated by numbers and not by their names.
1880's - Long-distance service was expanded throughout this period of time using metallic circuits.

1888 - Common battery system developed by Hammond V. Hayes allows one central battery to power all telephones on an exchange, rather than relying on each units own battery.

1900 - The first coin was operated by telephone installed in Hartford, Connecticut.

1904 - "French Phone" developed by the Bell Company. This had the transmitter and receiver in a simple handset.

1911 - American Telephone and Telegraph (AT & T) acquire the Western Union Telegraph Company in a hostile takeover. They purchased stocks in the company covertly, and the two eventually merged.

1947 - Microwave radio technology was used for the first time for long-distance phone calls.

1947 - The transistor was invented at Bell laboratories.

1955 - Saw the beginning of the laying of transatlantic telephone cables.

1962 - The world's first international communications satellite, Telstar, was launched.

1980's - The development of fibre optic cables during this decade offered the potential to carry much larger volumes of calls than satellite and microwaves.

1980s, 1990s, to present - Huge advances in microelectronic technology over the last two decades have enabled the development of cellular (mobile) phones to advance at a truly astonishing rate. A cellular (mobile) phone has its own central transmitter allowing it to receive seamless transmissions as it enters and exits the cell.


Author biography

Ahmed Zain Abdul Ganee is 14 years old. His hobbies include reading books and repairing Rubix cubes. Zain enjoys working with new friends and learning from theCircle by Ugail Foundation. His long-term goal is to pursue a career in medicine. Zain spends his free time reading, learning something new, or programming. He takes great pride in being a participant in Professor Ugail's "Leaders of Tomorrow 2022" programme.

Ahmed Zain Abdul Ganee


Cite this article as:
Ahmed Zain Abdul Ganee, The Telephone, theCircle Composition, Volume 2, (2022).